Wednesday, November 11, 2015

Cover Crop for Chickens

Cover crop planted near chickens: Austrian Field Peas, Winter Rye, Oilseed Radish
Chickens eating cover crop that was cut and tossed over fence
Cut cover crop and fermented wet feed

Saturday, October 24, 2015

Chicken Winter Hoop

Added items to the chickens' winter outdoor hoop.  In went the hanging feeder from their coop, the metal winter waterer with base that keeps water above freezing when temps drop, and straw bedding.

Winter waterer
Straw Bedding

Tuesday, October 20, 2015

"Gimmie Chiles!"

Our chickens love chile seeds.  Chickens co-evolved with chile plants to help spread their seeds, so they have no heat receptors that would make eating chiles painful.  They like all kinds and pick open the chiles to eat the seeds first.  There is anecdotal evidence that cayenne powder in chicken feed can prevent worms...not sure if all the chiles I grow could have the same positive affect but it can't hurt and they really relish them.  I pulled the plants out before the first frost and since we have all the hot sauce and powders we need, the extra chiles went to the girls.

New Hampshire, Dominique, and Partridge Rock munch hot peppers
Dominque with hot peppers
In the garden I have several beds seeded with cover crops (pictures are from a week ago, they are taller now).  We had our first hard frost of 27 degrees 2 nights ago, which knocked out the tomatoes, zucchini, nasturtiums, and hurt the peppers but didn't kill them.  Everything else was wilty with cold but promptly bounced back when warmed by the sun (parsnips, napa cabbage, cover crops, lettuce, arugula).  The kale laughed and just kept growing.  

Cover crop mix: forage radish, Austrian field pea, winter rye
cover crop
Aji Cristal

Veg from the garden

salad from the garden
Harvested my first cultivated mushrooms ever.  Wine caps from some spore I put on woodchips under our Sweet Bay Magnolia tree in early summer.  Score.  I tried them because I read they were fairly easy to grow - a good beginner mushroom.  Seems to be the case.  

first mushroom harvest ever: wine caps

Monday, October 19, 2015

Prepping Chickens for Winter Outside

"What do they do in the winter?" is a common chicken question.  Well, these birds don't give a crap, they want to be outside, come what may.  Snow? Rain? Freezing temperatures?  No problem.  The coop seems to be for sleeping, eating, laying eggs and not much else if they can help it.  The truth is the mix of birds I have are hardy breeds that can handle cold as long as they have wind and rain protection.  Last year I waited too late and rigged them up a wobbly plastic tunnel when it was already winter, (which they spent ALL their time in) so this year I am being proactive.

Chickens on compost with winter hoop in background

My ideal would be to make a walk in winter chicken run that could double as a spring hoop house for plants....something like this and maybe that will happen in 2016, but for this winter I decided a small hoop that I can put up quickly will do.  I also made a "compost shelter" area out of hay bales to contain the garden waste I am giving them now so they don't spread it all to kingdom come with their scratching (and they like the windbreak from the hay bales).  

Now I just need a way to get them from the coop to this area on rainy freezing days...I have an idea for version of a covered chicken tunnel....but more on that later.

strawbale windbreak/compost area and plastic tunnel for hanging out in on rainy and snowy days
compost area
Once the compost area was hastily assembled, I moved hoops from a garden bed I was not planning to cover this winter and covered with hoops with 6 mil plastic we had removed from a hoop house at work.

winter outside area
winter tunnel...I'll likely put some straw bedding down in here.

screwed on fiberglass panels on coop as windbreak
If you want this whole "minimal winter protection for chickens, no heat in the coop" thing to work, you need:

  • hardy breeds (New Hampshires, Australorps, Rocks, Easter Eggers, etc)
  • ventilation in the coop at the bottom and top (important!)
  • no wind blowing on the birds
  • bedding that isn't too wet
  • enough birds to keep each other warm...I'd say 3 or 4 minimum...we have 11
After learning from chickens for several years here are a few things I take into account when planning their winter quarters:
  • they like to be outside during the day...the coop is just for sleeping and egg laying
  • they like to feel safe when they are sleeping and egg laying so solid sides on the coop and curtains on the nest box give them privacy and make them feel secure
  • they don't like to get wind whipped (duh!  who does?) and rained on when its cold (although they don't seem to mind summer rain) so covered plastic hoops or runs with covered plastic sides for wind protection are good for outside space
  • they like new things to check out in their space, although they might be wary at first
  • they can move a lot of (soil, mulch, whatever) with their digging so any use of them in the garden or on land has to take that into account
  • they can turn grass to bare ground quickly - having 2 spaces they can rotate between is best
  • an established raspberry patch can hold up to their scratching and they absolutely love the dappled shade and protection it offers.  it seems to be number one area for chicken nap pile

raspberry patch and farm cart on blocks - fav napping areas

Friday, October 2, 2015

What's Happening on the Homestead this Week

Let the chickens into the pumpkin patch to eat squash bugs
They also liked eating amaranth grain that I threw them (the red seedhead)
The fall garden winding down
garter snake
parsnips for fall and winter eating
napa cabbage
digging potatoes
got about 1.5 bushels German Butterball potatoes from a 25 ft row that received no irrigation

Saturday, September 12, 2015

Onion Storage

Onions and shallots like to be cured and then stored.  They prefer cool and dry storage conditions with ventilation of course.  Right now, nowhere in our house or basement is cool, so they will have to settle for less.
Baskets of Cortland onions
Cortland onions
Red shallots Conservor from Johnny's Seeds
French shallot Zebrune from Seed Savers
The onions and shallots hung in bunches on our front porch for several weeks until cured/dried.  I then trimmed the tops and roots and rubbed off the dirty outer skins and stored them in baskets in the basement.  I think the real key is trying to keep the temperature moderate and constant, without big swings.  I learned that keeping them cool and then having to move them somewhere warmer once my "cool spot" got too cold last winter is what really set them to sprouting.  Makes sense.

Saturday, August 29, 2015

What's Happening on the Homestead this Week?

The nights have been cool, with very slim chances of much rain in sight.  It has been a very dry summer.  A crispness of approaching fall is in the air in the evenings.  The bees are making knotweed honey and I can smell it's rich aroma when I pass by the hives.

German Butterball potatoes with carrots and parsnips from our friends' garden
Long Island Cheese pumpkin
Tromboncino squash.  I liked picking these as small squash and using like zucchini
Boston Marrow squash
Hot Peppers: Maule's Red Hot, Burgarian Carrot, Trinadad Spice, Habanero, Criolla Sella, Golden Cayenne
Dried chile powders

Hops harvest (variety unknown)
Hops on drying screens